Collapse: Philosophical Research and Development 2012: The

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As this constellation changes, so does the meaning of "library." It follows that meanings are never fixed but are always contingent on shifting and arbitrary systems of relationships defined by particular language systems. These last movements have focused their attention mostly on the international connections among countries, especially those related to trade, the international financial system, world technology and military cooperation. For the first time a clear demarcation was noted between the realistic and the nominalistic solutions to this problem.

International Yearbook for Hermeneutics / Internationales

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The decisions, perceptions and memories are influenced by past knowledge and beliefs. Some wonder if world peace will ever be possible. In this regard their work may be considered precursory to cognitivism, and each touches on important philosophical issues besides. Harker’s fantasy clearly parallels Lucy’s desire to marry all three of her suitors. The Open Work is seen by some to be the very first post-structural book, and considered as a classic in semiotics and continental aesthetics.

Mythologies: The Complete Edition, in a New Translation

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The mid-20th century saw a rejection of Freud's theories among many psychologists as being too unscientific, as well as a reaction against Edward Titchener's abstract approach to the mind. Most importantly, deductive rationality plays an important role: it is assumed that in bringing about linguistic expressions, the rules of inference of propositional and predicate logic must be respected. According to victim feminism, however, what is unique about women's difference is that they are powerless to affect the victim status by which they are primarily defined.

Structuralism(s) Today: Paris , Prague , Tartu

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On the other hand, the complex relationships that exist between the Jewish and Christian canons of Scripture raise many problems of interpretation. Austrian physician Alfred Adler theorized that people are primarily motivated to overcome inherent feelings of inferiority. Academic literary criticism prior to the rise of "New Criticism" in the United States tended to practice traditional literary history: tracking influence, establishing the canon of major writers in the literary periods, and clarifying historical context and allusions within the text.

End(s) of Community: History, Sovereignty & the Question of

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Supplementing science -- which deals with matter as extinguished spirit and endeavors to rise from nature to intelligence -- philosophy investigates the development of spirit, theoretically practically, and artistically, converts the subjective into the objective, and shows how the world soul or living principle animates the whole. In the post-structuralist approach to textual analysis, the reader replaces the author as the primary subject of inquiry.

Reinventing the Soul: Posthumanist Theory and Psychic Life

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We have more in common, say, with the arctic wolf, which lives in social groups and which hunts both alone and in packs, than we do with the solitary red fox which lives and hunts by itself and has no social strategies to rely upon. In other words, I am never present even to myself. Instead, the critical point that the limits of knowledge are at its core is applied to scientific theories and to theories about scientific methodology.

The lives of the lord chancellors and keepers of the Great

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The clearest and most important example of Prague School structuralism lies in phonemics. One of the most vocal critics of the women's liberation movement has been the African American feminist and intellectual Gloria Jean Watkins (who uses the pseudonym "bell hooks") who argues that this movement glossed over race and class and thus failed to address "the issues that divided women." It also had some impact in the United States, particularly through the writing of art critic Harold Rosenberg.

Understanding Judith Butler (Understanding Contemporary

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Ralph Waldo Emerson may have been the father of the Transcendental Movement, but Margaret Fuller had arguably as much influence on its development as anyone else. It aims to establish a vivid movement of ideas between Latin America and the rest of the world on contemporary social issues as to explore the possibilities for local and global social change. These alternative sources are never authoritative, and promise no consistency.

Psychoanalysis and the Human Sciences (European

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Lévi-Strauss thought of himself as a scientist, but his sympathies were always with the arts, and his theoretical inspiration came from philosophy. Still, inward experiences seem just as unaccountable on inner computational grounds as on outward behavioral ones -- Kossyln's 1980 data structural analysis of images as two dimensional data arrays, e.g., leaves their qualia still unaccounted for. To Foucault museums and libraries are the heterotopias of the 19th century Western culture.

(Mis)readings of Marx in Continental Philosophy

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The theme of history in modern Continental thought can be linked to such influences as Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Nietzsche ‘s On the Genealogy of Morals and Martin Heidegger ‘s Being and time. Yet the worship of tradition and the sanctification of existing modes of organization and decision making as unchangeable legacies of a pristine era, are equally dangerous. Though Barthes was originally a structuralist, during the 1960s he grew increasingly favorable to post-structuralist views.